High Organs of Jurisdiction (1945–1979)
No. XX. Main Group of Fonds – High Organs of Jurisdiction
1945–1979; 708,54 linear metres
The resolutions and leading cases of the plenary sessions of the Curia, the highest judicial forum, were normative in the practice of subordinate courts (1945–1949). The documents are arranged in the original numerical order of registration marks. Up to this day, the 1950–1965 material of the Supreme Court, the legal successor of the Curia, has been transferred to the archives. The "h" record group of the fond includes, among others, the post-1957 operative, investigational and judicial documents concerning the cases of Imre Nagy, Tibor Déry, György Ádám, László Kardos and their "accomplices". The National Council of People’s Tribunals (NOT) was a special organ of penal jurisdiction between 1945 and 1950. This new jurisdictional institution was established in order to challenge war criminals and delinquents of antipopular crimes. The NOT served as appellate court for people’s tribunals. Besides administrative documents, its material mainly contains sentences of people’s tribunals. In 1945 the Crown Prosecution was replaced by the Supreme State Prosecution which was reorganised as Supreme Prosecution in 1953. Its material of 1953–1977, as well as the records of the People’s Chief Prosecution (1945–1950), is a valuable historical source.
The record group of the Central Economic Arbitration Board contains information on the 1949–1972 period of "socialism" including the special form of jurisdiction, the state-controlled settlement of legal debates between economic agencies.